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Dramatis Personae up to The following has grown Cheating wives in Irvine CA of my fascination with books on history, exploration, and mountaineering - with an emphasis on the the central Asian regions bordering the Himalaya. This page has three main parts:. The essays are works in progress, and are revised constantly as I read and learn more. The topics of the overviews, can be found in the Table of Contents.
Clicking on any entry will take you to the indicated section. Annotated bibliography of those same books, also sorted by Cheating wives in Irvine CA, including cross links to related books. Besides simply helping me organize my own thoughts, my hope is that this document will be of interest and a guide to others who share my passion for the topics covered.
I have also constructed two companion pages. As its name suggests, this page is a directory to the main characters who played roles in the history covered in my book collection. In order to keep it manageable, this "dramatis personae" covers only those active prior to the first Everest expedition, which took place in Again, as its name suggests, this is an attempt to build up a time-line of significant events in the history and exploration of the indicated areas.
I am attempting to construct cross-links among entries in the various pages such Cheating wives in Irvine CA, for example, clicking on a name in the time-line will take you to the biographical note in the Dramatis Personae, and clicking on a reference title on that page will take you to the appropriate bibliographic reference on this page. And, in case it is of interest.
Finally, Sweet wives want nsa Lille that I also have a page that parallels this one, dealing with my collection of books on the fur trade in Canada, the exploration of Canada, and the Canoe. All of this is a work in progress, and should be considered "open source".
That is, contributions, suggestions and corrections by interested parties are solicited. It is only correct that I acknowledge my friend Piers Handling, who has had a great influence on both my reading and, through our discussions, the formation of my thoughts on much of what is written below. I also want to thank Daren Fawkes, of Melbourne, who invested a significant effort in proof reading, correcting and improving what I have written.
Those interested in the mountaineering literature are referred to Neate's, Mountaineering and Its Literature, which is a fairly comprehensive annotated biography. Another good bibliographic source is Baume's Sivalaya, which chronicles the history of the fourteen 8, metre peaks in the Himalaya, with an extensive bibliography. The definitive bibliography on Everest is the too little known Climbing Mount Everest: Fo r an incredibly rich collection of free on-line resources on the Himalaya, India and Central Asia, including large format maps, downloadable copies of rare books, etc.
Cheating wives in Irvine CA good news that the full text of every issue, dating right back to the first inis on-line. While there is a charge to access the journal from the web site above, most good Cheating wives in Irvine CA research libraries have Local sex in San Francisco license with JSTOR and provide access to the site for Mature 40 Huron, if you have a card for that library.
To those interested in acquiring any of the books cited in those references, or mentioned below including 1st or early editions and those that are hard to find or out of printI have had a very good experience with:. If you are interested in first person accounts Cheating wives in Irvine CA early explorers in Central Asia, India, the Himalaya, etc. Next, I would be remiss if I did not provide pointers to information on the mountains in my own country:.Lonely Teen Woman Near Rio Rancho
Finally, I welcome comments and suggestions about this page, the literature, etc. Contact me via email. Rather than provide a comprehensive history of the area or its discovery and exploration by the west, the main purpose of this section is to provide an overview that ties together my books and reading Cheating wives in Irvine CA these topics. It is as much for my own benefit as for any third party Girls on webcam 07030 tenn.
It is a guide which wivss hopefully easier to navigate than a Female friends hang out of book titles. If you want to go deeper into the history of exporation in China and Tibet, then I highly recommend the complementary pages of Cheatign Claus on "Reisen und Abenteuer in Cheating wives in Irvine CA und Tibet. One page is a comprehensive annotated chronology of exploration of China and Tibet from -and the other covers the same material, but is organized alphabetically, by person.
These pages are in German.Anyone Want A Tight Clarks Mills Tonight
I also highly recommend spending time on the web site of the CCA Library. See for example the Aid for Researchers page and associated links on Afghanistan: Since the topic is so Cheating wives in Irvine CA, it is difficult to recommend any single book that covers the literature or the scope of my interests.Fuck Mate At 23224 K
One notable exception, however, is Cameron's volume, produced in association with the Royal Geographical Society: Mountains of the Gods: The Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia. If you only buy one book to cover what follows and it is affordablethis might be it. More than a thousand years before Younghusband made his famous overland trip from Beijing, over the Karakoram Cheating wives in Irvine CA India, Chinese travelers had made the trip, often with far fewer resources and knowledge.
In the process, they laid the foundation for what was called by the German orientalist, Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen, "the Silk Road. His travel established the first Lonely wives wants casual sex Chantilly between India and China. In 68 AD, Mingdi, the second Emperor of the Han Dynasty, reputedly dreamt of a golden god in the west, and as a result dispatched a delegation of 18 headed by Cai Yin, Qin Jing and Wang Zunwho returned 3 years later Cheating wives in Irvine CA images of the Buddha.
Through this process Buddhism was introduced to China. He returned by sea, via Ceylon and Sumatra, reaching China in He was a Buddhist monk who in went on a 10, mile Chewting from central China to India in order to study Buddhist manuscripts Cheating wives in Irvine CA their original form.
His trip Cheating wives in Irvine CA covered in books by Grousset and Wriggins. Shortly after, the diplomat Wang Xuan-ce traveled to India Chetaing Nepal, and established for the first Cheating wives in Irvine CA, the shorter but more difficult route of the passes into Nepal, rather than the longer route through the Pamirs.
And, on a larger scale, in the Chinese general Gao Xianzhi Kao Hsien-chih led an army from China into Yasin and Gilgit, where he defeated the Tibetans and checked the spread of Islam over the passes of the Pamirs.
One book which covers the culture and history of Buddhism in the 7th century is Grousset's, In the Footsteps of the Buddha.
Another source for the history of the Silk Road, and travel from China, along the Silk Road, can be found in the various books by, and about, the archeaological explorations of the region. Perhaps the best known archaeologist working in this area was Sir Aurial Stein. While I do not yet have any of his books, a list of some of the key ones can be found in the entry for him on my Dramatis Personae page. As well, his activities are well covered in the Cheating wives in Irvine CA biographies of him that I have, one by Mirskythe other by Walker.
The next great travelers, of whom a record exists, came from the East, not Europe. Cheating wives in Irvine CA
After Alexander, the next European who left a record of traveling through the area, that I am aware of, is Marco Polo, whose The Adventures of Marco Polowas first published in While some have questioned whether this book was history or fiction, Cheating wives in Irvine CA a combination of the two, what is clear is that his account was standard reading Woman want nsa Eastsound those who followed, right through the 19th century.
The next European to travel in Tibet, and perhaps reach Lhasa although this is disputed, and there are no written accountswas Oderico of Pordenone, a Franciscan friar who journeyed overland from Beijing, through Tibet in Father Andrada returned with colleagues in and established a mission there which lasted until along with a second one in Rudok, miles further north. In they traveled overland from Beijing Cheating wives in Irvine CA Rome.Wailea Makena Chat Lines
Depending on the legitimacy of the claims by Oderico of Pordenone, they were either the first or second Europeans to reach Lhasa. Regardless, there was a Capuchin mission resident Cheating wives in Irvine CA Lhasaand Petech, A good summary of many of these, and other, early travels can be found in, Early Jesuit Travellers in Central Asia,by Wessels.
One of the travelers covered by Wessels is another early Jesuit priest, Father Desideri. He traveled into Tibet via Delhi, Kashmir, Ladakh betweenand was inLhasabetween An edited first person account of his travels can be found in, An Account of Tibet.
As well, brief summary of the history of Catholic travelers and missions in Tibet can be found on-line in the Catholic Cheating wives in Irvine CA. Most of my reading on Tibet has to do with the early British contact and exploration. What follows in this overview is by no means comprehensive. This began in the 18th century, and was centred around the experiences of three men: George Bogle, who was in Tibet inSamuel Turner who was there in and Thomas Manning, who went in Only Manning reached Lhasa, Married but looking in Riggs park DC is ironic, since he didn't really want to be there, he wanted to go to Beijing.
The history around these visits is covered in Woodcock's Into Tibet: See also Petech Cheating wives in Irvine CA Teltscher To varying degrees, each of these books includes a general history of Tibet, however, the book by Cammann is especially well researched and concise. It also covers the Gurkha Cheatjng of Tibet which led to Kirkpatrick's mission to Nepal.
Henry Strachey in and by Col.
Edmund Smyth in The American, Woodville Rockhill made two Harpers ferry wv sucking journeys into Tibet, both in disguise, in andwhich are described in five articles that he published in Century Magazineas well as another article, Explorations in Mongolia and Tibet.
Cheatint he did not reach Lhasa, he made a lasting contribution by his scholarship, in his written observations of the people, culture, and surveying. Another expedition of interest is that of the Littledales inin which they came within 49 miles of Lhasa, before being turned away. Cheating wives in Irvine CA the article by the Littledales as well as the Cheating wives in Irvine CA biography by Elizabeth and Nicholas Clinch.
But one of my favorite characters from this period is Henry Savage Landor whose exaggerated account of his experiences in Tibet inIn the Forbidden Irvjnewins the prize for Victorian Age tabloid journalism.
It was a Japanese Buddhist monk, Ekai Kawaguchi, who wrote the next significant chronicle of travels in Tibet and about its culture. He was in Tibet for about three years, beginning in early He spoke and read Tibetan, and spent much of his time in Lhasa Cheating wives in Irvine CA the Sera Monastery. His account of his Cheating wives in Irvine CA and Tibetan life are rich, and can be found in his classic, Three Years in Tibet.
A backdrop to wjves of the Irviine in the 19th century was what Kipling called "The Great Game. This period led to a wvies amount of exploration and Naked Norfolk teen, especially in the regions of the Karakoram, Hindu-Kush, Pamirs, and Turkestan. And Other Travellers To Turkestan.
However, the two travellers who were among the main British players of this "game" were Ney Elias and Francis Younghusband. Elias wrote little himself, but his life is covered in Morgan's biography, Ney Elias.
Explorer and envoy extraordinary in High Asia. Younghusband, on the other hand, was a prolific writer, and his early travels and participation in the game are especially covered in his, The Heart of a Continent. Insofar as Tibet was concerned, the Great Game came to a head when Britain, mainly in the person of Curzon, the Cheating wives in Irvine CA of India, believed that Russia was Cheatkng undue influence Harleigh PA sex dating Tibet with the intention of gaining influence over, or access to, India.